Biplanar Resistance Model
DC resistance of biplanar conductors is:
AC resistance of biplanar conductors is:
Skin Depth is:
Resistance calculated using this tool includes both dc and ac resistance of biplanar conductors. At low frequencies, where skin depth is greater than conductor width and thickness, ac resistance is approximately the same as the dc resistance. As frequency increases, ac resistance increases.
Assumptions and Limitations
Dimensions are in meters.
Conductors are assumed to have equal, uniform circular cross section over their length.
Separation between the conductors is assumed to be large enough that proximity effect may be ignored.
Wire relative permeability:
Wire relative conductivity:
Permeability of free space: H/m
Conductivity of copper: = 5.98 x 10 7 S/m (Siemens per meter) at 20-degrees C
Reference: “Analysis of Multiconductor Transmission Lines,” 2nd Ed., Clayton R. Paul, 2008.